Disputation: "Nanostructured ZnO and metal chalcogenide films for solar photocatalysis"

  • Datum:
  • Plats: Ångströmlaboratoriet Polhemsalen
  • Doktorand: Taha Ahmed
  • Arrangör: Institutionen för kemi - Ångström
  • Kontaktperson: Tomas Edvinsson
  • Disputation

Taha Ahmed försvarar sin doktorsavhandling med titeln "Nanostructured ZnO and metal chalcogenide films for solar photocatalysis" inom ämnet kemi med inriktning mot oorganisk kemi.

Opponent: Prof. Mats Johnsson, Institutionen för material- och miljökemi, Stockholms universitet

Handledare: Prof. Tomas Edvinsson, Institutionen för materialvetenskap, Fasta tillståndets fysik, Uppsala universitet 

Bitr. handledare: Forskare Jiefang Zhu, Institutionen för kemi - Ångström, Strukturkemi, Uppsala universitet 

Länk till avhandlingen i fulltext i DiVA.

Abstract

The increasing demand for clean energy and safe water resources has driven the development of efficient and sustainable technologies. Among these technologies, photocatalysis using semiconducting materials has emerged as a promising solution for both solar hydrogen generation and water purification. Low-dimensional ZnO, including nanorods, nanoparticles, and quantum confined particles (so called quantum dots), has demonstrated excellent photocatalytic properties due to their large surface area, high electron mobility, and tunable band gap.

The work in this thesis aims to investigate the potential of low-dimensional ZnO alone and in combination with CdS and Fe2O3 for solar hydrogen generation and photocatalytic water purification. The thesis includes a comprehensive analysis of the synthesis, characterization, and optimization of low-dimensional ZnO-based photocatalyst systems for solar hydrogen generation and photocatalytic water purification. Additionally, the thesis will evaluate the performance of the ZnO-based photocatalysts under different experimental conditions, either as photoelectrodes or as distributed particle systems for water purification. The work includes detailed size control of ZnO by itself in dimensions below 10 nm using a hydrothermal method, to provide an increased total surface area and introduce quantum confinement effects that increase the band gap to enable degradation of chemical bonds in a model pollutant in a distributed system for water purification. The work also includes a relatively detailed study of the phonon–phonon and electron–phonon coupling as a function of dimension from 10 nm to 150 nm for ZnO using non-resonant and resonant Raman spectroscopy. Ultimately, the thesis aims to provide insight into the potential of low-dimensional ZnO alone and in combination with other inorganic materials for solar hydrogen generation and photocatalytic water purification and pave the way for the development of efficient and sustainable technologies for clean energy and safe water resources.

 

Bild på avhandlingen.