The research in the inorganic chemistry programme is mainly focused on the development of new synthetic routes for advanced materials with an emphasis on clarifying the relationship between structure and properties. We are working with a number of techniques for synthesis of bulk materials, thin films and nanoparticles using e.g. sintering, sol-gel, magnetron sputtering, chemical vapour deposition (CVD), atomic layer deposition (ALD) and electrochemistry. Examples of materials studied in the programme are: metal oxides, diamond, graphene and nanostructured carbides, new boride materials, metal hydrides, metastable nitrides etc. Many of our projects are focussed towards energy applications such as magneto-caloric materials, solar cells, low-friction materials, batteries, fuel cells, etc. We are also working with research projects on the development of e.g. magnetic materials, sensors and photocatalysis.
The research on bulk materials concerns in principle all materials that do not particularly rely on special microstructures (thin films, nanomaterials, etc.). The research focuses on how a material's properties are affected by the chemical composition and crystal structure, which entails new phases or solid solutions.
We have a large activity on thin film synthesis from the vapour using several different techniques such as PVD and CVD. A major aim with the research is to control the phase composition and microstructure of our films and establish the correlation between microstructure and properties. We are currently studying a wide range of materials such as borides, carbides, nitrides and oxides for different applications.
Solution chemical synthesis offers large possibilities to tailor composition and microstructure of materials. Our research focus on developing and controlling synthesis processes to achieve e.g. thin films and 3D nanostructures with optimized properties.
This research deals with fundamental electrochemistry and the development of materials and electrochemical methods that can be used in e.g. Li-ion batteries, supercapacitors, fuel cells, and micro- and nanosensors. Electrochemical techniques are used to manufacture materials and to study the electrochemical properties (including the corrosion resistances) of different materials.
Quantum mechanical methods like DFT and molecule dynamics (MD) are useful for modeling materials and for simulating their properties. There are presently a number of ongoing projects within the research program inorganic chemistry centred around materials modelling.
There are many active research projects directed into materials used in both conventional energy application as well as into materials and material combinations for possible future energy systems. In both these areas, control and fundamental understanding of the chemistry is of paramount importance for the design of new energy related materials.